Adequate Housing and the Welfare State: Comparing Struggles in Urban China and India

Urban Housing in China and India

This project compares the Chinese and Indian government responses to the challenge of providing citizens with adequate urban housing—a growing need given increasing urbanization and rural-to-urban migration in these two countries.

Project Title

Adequate Housing and the Welfare State:
Comparing Struggles in Urban China and India

This project examines the government response to urban housing needs in China and India, the world’s largest authoritarian and democratic countries, respectively, experiencing urbanization and rural-to-urban migration.

Project Summary

Access to adequate housing in urban areas is a pressing global issue. The challenge is especially daunting for China and India, given their huge populations, as well as their ongoing processes of urbanization and rural-to-urban migration. Both China and India—the world’s largest authoritarian and democratic countries, respectively—have come up with ambitious national policies to cope with their urban housing needs. Early evidence has revealed significant differences between the two countries in terms of policy formation and implementation. This project seeks to explain how political regime, economic development, and social organizations shape provision of adequate housing.

Partner Affiliations In China and India

School of Construction Management and Real Estate, Chongqing University (China)
RV College of Architecture (India)

See also: 2016

Principal Investigator

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    Ya-Wen Lei

    Assistant Professor of Sociology, Harvard Faculty of Arts and Sciences