Subnational Climate-Change Policy in India, China, and North America

Multilevel Climate Change Policy

This project identifies and compares innovative approaches to reducing greenhouse-gas emissions in states, provinces, and cities in China, India, and North America.

Project Title

Subnational Climate-Change Policy in India, China, and North America

Climate change is a global commons problem, and cooperation among national governments is necessary to adequately address it. At the same time, subnational jurisdictions such as states, provinces, and cities can and do contribute significantly to the formulation and implementation of climate-change policies. This project aims to understand how subnational initiatives might be leveraged to accelerate progress in this realm.

Project Summary

Within larger countries, subnational jurisdictions (provinces, states, and cities) often play important roles in shaping and implementing policies to reduce the greenhouse-gas emissions that cause climate change. The objective of this project is to learn more about these actors—especially the provinces and states in China and India—and to compare them with each other and with state and provincial climate actors in the United States and Canada, where states and provinces have wide latitude in environmental policymaking. This project also intends to share its results widely to stimulate fresh thinking about how climate-change policy might be advanced more effectively, especially in larger countries.


Read Professor Stavins' 2016 HGI Grant, entitled "Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions: International Cooperation in East Asia."

Principal Investigator

  • Stavins

    Robert Stavins

    A.J. Meyer Professor of Energy and Economic Development, Harvard Kennedy School